Concept of Globalization


According To Thurow (2003, p. 2), "globalization has many different meanings to many different people".

Hobsbawm (2000, p. 75) presents the following vision of globalization:

". .. Globalization implies a broader access, but not equivalent for all, even in your step, more advanced theory. In the same way, natural resources are distributed unevenly. For all this, I think the problem of globalisation are in their aspiration to ensure an equal access tended to products and services in a world of course marked by inequality and diversity. There is a tension between these two basic concepts. We try to find a common denominator is accessible to all people of the world, in order to get the things that naturally are not accessible to all. The common denominator is the money, namely, other abstract concept. "

Another placement, of Michalet (2003, p. 15), defines globalization, or globalisation, term used by the French, as being "characterized by its multidimensionality, referred to in, of course, the scale of trade in goods and services, but also, the mobility of the production of goods and services and the movement of financial capital ".

Fits comment a Michalet parenthesis (2003), who says historians Braudel and Wallerstein show that the "world economy" is the birth of capitalism since the 14th century.

Already Chesnais (1996) comments that the use of the adjective "global" began in the early 80, American business schools, and that was popularized by marketing and strategy consultants, trained in these schools, or contact with them.

In a diametrically opposed, Passet (2003) defines globalization, following the meaning of the Larousse dictionary, as the fact of becoming II, and complements with the definition of the Robert, another dictionary, as the fact of becoming II, to disseminate throughout the world.

Complements, still, with the definition of the term "globalization" that, According to Larousse, is the doctrine that seeks to achieve the political unity of the world as a human community only and, complemented by Robert, as the universalism in order to establish the unity of the human community. It, still, comments that globalization, in its economic aspect, had his "inauguration" in the 80, from the Reagan-Thatcher period, characterized by the fact that the large transnational companies to organize themselves and develop their global networks.

Soon, for Passet (2003, p. 24), "the globalism, in turn, It is an ideological socio-cultural values-based option, a conception of life and the world, and not a natural and immutable law ", namely, positioning themselves as critical to the economic model of neoliberal globalization.

Fonts:
CHESNAIS, François. The globalization of Capital. São Paulo: Shaman, 1996.
HOBSBAWM, Eric J. The new century: interview to António Políto. São Paulo: The company Lyrics, 2000.
MICHALET, Charles-Albert. What is globalization? São Paulo: Edições Loyola, 2003.
PASSET, René. In praise of Globalisation. Rio de Janeiro: Record, 2003.
THUROW, Lester C. Fortune Favors The Bold. New York: Harpercollins Publishers, 2003.