Umqondo Isu


Ngokusho Mintzberg (2000, p.17), Isu kudinga ezihlukahlukene izilungiselelo futhi 'omunye lawo mazwi ukuthi nakanjani ukuchaza ngendlela, kodwa bavame ukusebenzisa ezinye. Isu Yisibonelo, okungukuthi, ukungaguquguquki ukuziphatha ngokuhamba kwesikhathi ".

Uchungechunge izilungiselelo emihlanu (ezinhlanu IHu: Plan, Iphethini, Isikhundla, Perspective, Ploy) Mintzberg (2000): Isu njengoba plan (kuqala P, Plan), okungukuthi, a pretendida, yindlela ngokusho uhlelo ngekusasa. Amasu ngamabomu kukhona izinhloso ukuthi kwavela ngokuphelele futhi ezinganeni kukhona namasu ezinganeni. It bekulokhu, nokho, Amasu abasafufusa, okungukuthi, yokuvumelana izenzakalo ezingalindelekile, ukuthi kwenzeke lapho iphethini langempela akuhloselwe nokuthi ekugcineni zihlangana ezinye uhlobo pattern noma nokuvumelana. Kuhlangane amasu ngamabomu kanye namasu abasafufusa yindlela njengoba standard (Segundo P, Iphethini), okungukuthi, ngempumelelo aphethwe.

Lisu nesikhundla (third P, Isikhundla) Kuyinto indawo imikhiqizo ethile ezimakethe ezithile nokuthi, ngokusho Michael Porter, (kanye Mintzberg, 2000, p.19) 'Isu ukwakha isikhundla esiyingqayizivele futhi eziwusizo, ezihilela a ahlukene imisebenzi ".

Lisu njengoba nombono (wesine P, Perspective) kuyindlela eliyisisekelo inhlangano ukwenza izinto, ngokusho Peter Drucker (kanye Mintzberg, 2000, p.19) Lona "ibhizinisi theory".

Last, e o "Quinto P", Ploy, yindlela njengoba trick, okungukuthi, a wazijika ethize ukuze akhohlise Umphikisi noma esincintisana.

It, synthesize, Mintzberg (2000, p.274) uphetha incwadi yakhe "Strategy Safari", lapho siveza izikole eziyishumi ukuphathwa amasu, nge indzima ezithwala yinkimbinkimbi ukwakha isu, okuyinto:

 

"Ngeke kube lula. Ukwakheka isu isikhala eziyinkimbinkimbi. Futhi eziyishumi inqwaba kakhulu ubuchopho ejwayele eziyisikhombisa plus noma lokususa ezimbili. Kodwa iphutha, Caro Brutus, It is neither izinkanyezi noma kithi, kodwa inqubo ngokwalo. Isu ukuqeqeshwa kuyinto design ongumashiqela, umbono enembile futhi i yokufunda enembile; sihilela uguquko futhi ekhuthaza; kufanele ezihilela cognition ngabanye kanye nokuxhumana social, ukubambisana kanye nokungqubuzana; kumele ibandakanye analysis ngaphambi nangemuva izinhlelo, kanye ngesikhathi izingxoxo; futhi konke lokhu kumele kube ekuphenduleni lokho kungaba imvelo ohluphayo. Zama ukushiya konke eceleni futhi sibone ukuthi kwenzekani!"

 

Source: Mintzberg, Henry; AHLSTRAND, Bruce; Lämpel, Joseph. Safari Isu. Porto Alegre: Bookman, 2000.