Umqondo Ukuhwebelana Kwembulunga Yonke


Ngokusho Thurow (2003, p.2), "Ukuhwebelana kwembulunga yonke inezincazelo eziningi ezahlukene abantu abaningi ezahlukene".

Hobsbawm (2000, p.75) It kuveza umbono ezilandelayo kwembulunga yonke:

"... Kwembulunga lisikisela ukufinyelela kabanzi, kodwa akukho okulingana for wonke, ngisho isinyathelo sabo, kwakuthiwa thuthu. Ngokufanayo, nemithombo yemvelo Ukuboshelwa basakaza. By bonke, Ngicabanga inkinga ukuhwebelana kwembulunga in nenshisekelo yayo ukuqinisekisa bavame elilinganayo lokuthola izimpahla kanye nezinsizakalo ezweni Yebo buboniswa ngokuba nokungalingani nokwehluka. Kukhona ukungezwani phakathi kwalezi eziyisisekelo ezimbili. Sizama ukuthola izinto esivumelana ngazo nabantu yibo bonke abantu emhlabeni, ukuze ungakwazi ukuthola izinto ngokwemvelo akuzona yibo bonke. The zifana imali, okungukuthi, Enye mqondo abstract. "

Enye ukubekwa, of Michalet (2003, p.15), ichaza kwembulunga yonke, noma ukuhwebelana kwembulunga, term esetshenziswa the French, ngokuthi "libhekene yayo multi-dimensionality, Ngokuqondene, ngokusobala, ubukhulu ahwebe ngezimpahla nezinsizakalo, kodwa futhi, ukuhamba zokukhiqiza izimpahla kanye nezinsizakalo kanye nokunyakaza capital zezimali ".

Kuwufanele kokusho abakaki of Michalet (2003), othi Braudel futhi Wallerstein mlando ubonise ukuthi "umnotho wezwe" ukuzalwa capitalism luhlaka kusukela ngekhulu nane.

Ja Chesnais (1996) Uyaphawula ukuthi ukusetshenziswa Isiphawulo "global" waqala ekuqaleni 80, ezikoleni ibhizinisi American, nokuthi kwaba yawenza ngamaqhinga and marketing consultants, kwakheka kulezi zikole, noma uxhumane nabo.

In a line akuhambisani okuphambene, Passet (2003) ichaza kwembulunga yonke, kulandela okushiwo the Larousse Dictionary, njengoba iqiniso yokuba umhlaba, futhi kwahambisana Robert ncazelo, omunye isichazamazwi, njengoba iqiniso yokuba umhlaba, Kuyinto ukuba basakaze emhlabeni wonke.

Sigcwalisa, nokho, kanye kwencazelo "globalism" ukuthi, ngokusho Larousse, ifundiso efuna ukufeza ubunye bezwe bezombangazwe njengoba umphakathi wesintu futhi, kwahambisana Robert, njengoba universalism ukuze kwenziwe ubunye emphakathini womuntu. It, nokho, wathi kwembulunga yonke, e isici yezomnotho, It kwakufanele "ukuvulwa" walo ngasekupheleni 80, a partir ingabe período Reagan-Thatcher, libhekene iqiniso ukuthi izinkampani ezinkulu YeSizwe ukuba bahlele futhi ukuthuthukisa amanethiwekhi yabo global.

Logo, para Passet (2003, p.24), "The mondialism, ngakolunye uhlangothi, is an option ngemibono owesekelwe phezu usikompilo nenhlalo, a umqondo ngokuphila nezwe, futhi hhayi umthetho wemvelo kanye ezingeguquleke ", okungukuthi, Positioning ngokwaso njengoba lubalulekile model kwezomnotho kwembulunga yonke wongxiwankulu ohlulekile.

Imithombo:
CHESNAIS, François. Ukuhwebelana kwembulunga yonke of Capital. Sao Paulo: Shaman, 1996.
HOBSBAWM, Eric J. The leminyaka entsha: interview with Antonio Polito. Sao Paulo: Izinhlamvu Company, 2000.
MICHALET, Charles-Albert. Kuyini kwembulunga yonke? Sao Paulo: Loyola, 2003.
Nomqondo, René. Ukuhwebelana kwembulunga yonke indumiso. Rio de Janeiro: Record, 2003.
THUROW, Lester C. Fortune uthanda Bold. I-New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 2003.